On Wednesday, Iran responded to the US military's killing of Qassim Suleimani, commander of Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard unit, by resorting to law at the international level to hold the United States to account.
On the same day, U.S. media reported that the United States was ready to send an additional 3,000 troops to the Middle East to deal with regional threats. NBC reports that Pentagon officials and U.S. military officials have confirmed that U.S. troops will send about 3,000 more troops to the Middle East, where they will deploy for about 60 days.
In the first week of 2020, the situation in the Middle East has been choppy and the risk of war has risen sharply. So what exactly is America going to do? Will Iran really retaliate?
The photo, obtained from social media, shows smoke coming from a fire near the Iraqi capital Baghdad International Airport on January 3. Xinhua \/ Reuters
The U.S. Defense Department said in its statement that Suleimani was behind previous attacks on U.S. diplomats and military figures in Iraq and the region, and that he and the Al-Quds Brigade killed hundreds of U.S. and international coalition troops and wounded thousands. U.S. President Donald Trump has ordered the attack on Suleimani.
Experts believe the u.s. move, in addition to the \"revenge\" implication expressed in its statement, is more important to undermine iran's position in the region and its influence.
A man distributes a poster of Islamic Revolutionary Guard's \"Al-Quds Brigade\" commander Kasim Suleimani during a march in Tehran, Iran, on January 3. Xinhua News Agency
Tang zhichao, director of the political research office in west asia and africa at the chinese academy of social sciences, said iraq's shia militia was an important card in iran's struggle against the u.s. in a move aimed at forcing iran to \"stop\" and stop \"provocations and threats\" against the u.s. in iraq.
Ding long, vice president of the school of foreign languages at the university of foreign economics and trade, pointed out that mr sulimani played an important role in iraq's anti-american armed movement and the surrounding conflict, and his death was a major blow to iran's ability to conduct military activities outside the country.
Speaking during the general debate of the 74th U.N. General Assembly on September 24,2019, at U.N. headquarters in New York, U.S. President Donald Trump said the U.S. would continue to exert \"extreme pressure\" on Iran \"unless it changes its threatening behavior.\" Xinhua News Agency reporter Li Muzi
Iran has reacted strongly to the bombing of Suleimani, with Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, President Hassan Rouhani and Foreign Minister Sergei Zarif all issuing tough warnings to the US. Mr Khamenei said that what awaited the United States would be \"harsh retaliation \".
Iranian state television reported on Wednesday with Foreign Minister Mohammed Jawad Zarif as a source that Iran would pursue the legal responsibility of the US for killing Suleimani.
"This is clearly an act of terrorism '…… Iran will launch a number of legal initiatives at the international level to hold the United States accountable for the assassination of Suleimani.
A number of other cybersecurity experts warned on Wednesday that Iranian-backed \"hackers\" could use malware to attack U.S. targets such as factories, oil and gas processing facilities.
Robert Marley, chairman of the International Crisis Research Organization, said Trump's order to air strikes on the \"Al-Quds Brigade\" was actually a declaration of war that would surely lead to more retaliatory attacks on the Iranian side.
A large screen in the streets of Tehran, Iran, on January 3, shows the image of Qasim Suleimani, commander of Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps \"Al-Quds Brigade.\" Xinhua News Agency (Photo by Ahmed Harabisas)
Mr ding believes iran will not overreact to the attack because the u.s. and iran have been targeted in recent protests in iraq, where both countries are under pressure for proxy war.
Wu Bingbing, director of the Institute of Arab Islamic Culture at Peking University, agrees that Iran's response to the attack may be more restrained because it is well aware that it will suffer great pressure and losses if it confronts the United States in all its aspects. The Trump administration is also reluctant to interfere with the presidential election as a result of full-scale military action against Iran. Both sides will avoid long-term and large-scale military conflicts.
In response to the attack, Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang said at a regular press conference on Wednesday that China has consistently opposed the use of force in international relations and urged all parties concerned, especially the United States, to maintain calm restraint and avoid further escalation of tensions.
French President Emmanuel Macron spoke by phone with Russian President Vladimir Putin and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan on Wednesday to discuss the situation in the Middle East, the French presidential office said in a news release. France and Russia agreed to maintain close communication in the coming days and called for restraint.
People take part in a march in Tehran, Iran, on January 3 to protest the bombing of Qassim Suleimani, commander of Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps Al-Quds Brigade. Xinhua News Agency
Britain's foreign secretary, Dominique Rabb, said the Sleimani-led armed forces posed an offensive threat, and after his death, the UK called on the parties to demote the conflict,\" further conflict is not in our interests.\"
Syria expresses \"full sympathy and solidarity\" with Iraq and Iran, strongly condemns U.S. attacks and U.S. responsibility for Iraq's instability, and U.S. policy is aimed at creating tensions and fuelling conflicts in countries in the region,\" constituting a dangerous escalation of the regional situation,\" the Syrian Foreign Ministry said in a statement.
Oil prices in New York and Brent rose as much as% and% in intraday trading on Wednesday, just one step away from the $70-per-barrel integer threshold.
In September 2019, smoke came from the Saudi National Oil Company (Aramco) oil facility in Saudi Bugaig after it caught fire. Xinhua News Agency \/ AP
'There's a lot of concern about what kind of retaliatory action Iran is going to take,'said Amrita Sen, chief oil analyst at UK-based Energy Vision.
On 5 December 2019, in Vienna, Austria, the Iranian Minister of Oil, Zangane (Central), attended a meeting of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). Xinhua News Agency reporter Chen Guo.
International oil markets are now well-stocked, and while tensions in the Middle East are likely to impose a large risk premium on international oil prices, previous events have had a relatively short-lived impact on the broader market, said Mark Hefel, global chief investment officer for wealth management at UBS, an international asset manager.