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BEIJING, Jan.5(Zhu Ziyang)- Recently, the Supreme People's Court, the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Justice jointly issued the \"Opinions on Deeply Carrying Out the Work of Price Dispute Mediation \"(hereinafter referred to as\" Opinions \").
< Opinion > points out that price disputes are disputes arising from the price of goods or services between equal civil subjects. Price dispute mediation mainly involves traffic accident compensation, consumer rights and interests protection, medical services, property services, tourism catering services, project construction costs, agricultural means of production, insurance claims and other areas of people's livelihood. Carrying out the mediation work of price dispute, unblocking the channel of mediation, perfecting the system mechanism and strengthening the safeguard measures are the important grasp to meet the needs of the people's multiple dispute resolution.
The 《's Opinion stresses that the in-depth work of price dispute mediation should aim at establishing a price dispute mediation system with perfect system, sound organization and high efficiency, providing public services for price dispute resolution, and constructing a mechanism for resolving price disputes with organic links between mediation and litigation systems.
《's Views require that mediation of price disputes should be carried out in depth through unimpeded mediation channels and a network of mediation in various forms and distinct layers. Where a price dispute arises, mediation may be carried out through the price determination agency to which the department in charge of pricing belongs, the relevant people's mediation organization and other mediation organizations established according to law, giving full play to the role of the competent administrative department, the people's mediation organization and the professional mediation organization in the mediation of price dispute.
《 Opinions emphasize that guidance on price dispute mediation should be effectively strengthened and the difficulties and problems encountered in price dispute settlement should be coordinated in a timely manner. Establish and improve the selection, training, rewards and punishments, withdrawal and other systems of price dispute mediators. All localities actively seek the support of local party committees, governments and financial departments to ensure the smooth development of price dispute mediation.
Attached: The Supreme People's Court, the State Development and Reform Commission and the relevant responsible comrades of the Ministry of Justice answered the reporter's question on \"Opinions on Deeply Carrying out the Work of Price Dispute Mediation\"
Recently, the Supreme People's Court, the State Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Justice jointly issued the \"Opinions on Deeply Carrying Out the Work of Mediation of Price Disputes \"(hereinafter referred to as\" Opinions \") to make comprehensive arrangements for the in-depth work of price dispute mediation. The Supreme People's Court, the State Development and Reform Commission and relevant responsible comrades of the Ministry of Justice formulated and implemented relevant questions on the Opinions and answered questions from journalists.
A: The introduction of the Opinions is an important measure to implement the spirit of the Second, Third and Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee and implement the Central Committee's requirements for improving the mechanism for resolving contradictions and disputes in a pluralistic manner. The Fourth Plenum of the 19th CPC Central Committee pointed out that \"adhering to and developing the experience of Fengqiao in the new era,\"\" perfecting the people's mediation, administrative mediation and judicial mediation linkage work system,\" and\" perfecting the comprehensive mechanism of multiple prevention and resolution of social contradictions and disputes, and striving to resolve contradictions at the grass-roots level,\" and put forward further requirements for the further development of the mechanism of multiple prevention and resolution of contradictions and disputes in the new era. Price disputes are more common types of disputes, other contradictions and disputes will be reflected through price disputes. Carrying out the work of price dispute mediation is conducive to timely discovery and rapid handling of price dispute disputes, reducing the work pressure of relevant administrative departments and people's courts, avoiding the intensification of contradictions and disputes, and truly realizing \"putting non-litigation disputes ahead \".
The introduction of 《 opinion has a certain practical basis. In recent years, the price determination agencies affiliated to the local price authorities have actively changed their roles, constantly reforming and innovating, and the mediation of price disputes has been carried out effectively. In August 2008, Guangdong Province issued the Interim Measures on the Mediation and Handling of Price Disputes, taking the lead in the nationwide mediation of price disputes. After more than ten years of development, there are now 29 provinces and municipalities in China to varying degrees of price dispute mediation work. All parts of the country combine their own reality, give full play to their subjective initiative, and form a work mechanism with their own characteristics. During the drafting of the Opinions, the Supreme People's Court, the State Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Justice formed a joint investigation and research group, and went to the local price mediation site, the people's court and the people's mediation committee many times to sum up the practical experience of price dispute mediation.
The Supreme People's Court, the State Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Justice jointly issued the Opinions on Price Dispute Mediation. The people's courts give full play to the judicial function and can provide guarantee and support in the aspects of litigation docking and confirmation of the validity of mediation agreement. The price determination institutions subordinate to the departments in charge of pricing at various levels have now played an important role in the work of determining the prices of property and property involved in discipline inspection and supervision cases and criminal cases, and have the advantages of being systematic and complete, sound rules and regulations, high professional quality of personnel and relatively balanced distribution, and can give professional protection in the work of price dispute mediation. As the competent department of mediation work, the judicial administrative organ integrates the mediation force of price dispute on the basis of the existing mediation resources, and jointly promotes the construction of price dispute mediation team.
A: Article 4 of the \"Opinions\" states that the scope of application in the mediation of price disputes shall be as follows: disputes arising from the price of goods or services between equal civil subjects, and the circumstances which do not belong to the mediation of price disputes shall be specified: those which belong to the government's price or government's guiding price; those who are suspected of violating the price law shall be investigated and dealt with according to law; those who are involved in the illegal purchase of goods or accepting services through channels; those involving contraband goods and articles that are explicitly prohibited by the State from producing, circulating or selling them; and other disputes over price that are not suitable for mediation.
At present, price disputes mainly involve traffic accident compensation, consumer rights and interests protection, medical services, property services, tourism catering services, construction costs, agricultural means of production, insurance claims and other areas of livelihood. In these areas, the people have an urgent need to resolve disputes according to law, smoothly and effectively. The mediation of price disputes, the provision of specialized mediation services for the people, and the collection of no fees, can play an active role in meeting the diverse needs of the people in resolving disputes at the source.
A: Article 5 of the Opinions stipulates that \"A price dispute may be mediated through the following channels:1. mediation by the price determining body to which the department in charge of pricing belongs;2. mediation by relevant people's mediation organizations;3. mediation by other mediation organizations established according to law. The first kind of mediation is the mediation of the price determining agency to which the price department belongs.The price determining agency here is subordinate to the price determining agency.At present, more than 3,000 price determining agencies have been set up all over the country, with more than 10,000 price determining personnel, which can give full play to the advantages of the system and establish a fair and efficient mediation mechanism for price disputes. The second kind of mediation is people's mediation organization mediation. People's mediation is a unique system in the legal construction of our country, and it is an integral part of the current mediation system. People's mediation organizations may conduct price dispute mediation alone or jointly with price determination agencies in case of price dispute. The third is the mediation of other mediation organizations established according to law. Through the above three channels, we can promote the price dispute mediation to establish a multi-form, hierarchical mediation network to meet the people's diversified dispute resolution needs.
A: In the way of price dispute mediation, the Opinion requires continuous innovation on the basis of practice. The personnel engaged in the mediation of price disputes should carefully sum up the effective methods of price dispute mediation in practice, guide the parties to choose the preferential mediation method to resolve the price dispute disputes, and constantly explore the application of online mediation to resolve disputes conveniently.
At the level of the working mechanism, the Opinions call for further improvement of the working mechanism of administrative mediation, people's mediation, professional mediation and judicial mediation. Establish and improve the system of expert consultation on major difficult matters, strengthen the coordination and docking with the mediation center of contradictions and disputes and the platform for resolving professional disputes, and coordinate and resolve major typical price disputes in a timely manner. To encourage the establishment of joint meetings,